Actinodaphnoxylon zileensis Akkemik et Mantz. in Akkemik, Mantzouka, Tunç & Koçbulut

Plant Fossil Names Registry Number: PFN001579


Authors: Ü. Akkemik & D. Mantzouka

Rank: species

Genus: Actinodaphnoxylon Akkemik et Mantz. in Akkemik, Mantzouka, Tunç & Koçbulut

Reference: Akkemik, Ü., Mantzouka, D., Tunç, U. & Koçbulut, F. (2021): The first paleoxylotomical evidence from the Mid-Eocene Climate Optimum from Turkey. – Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 285: 104356 (20 pp.).

Page of description: 8

Illustrations or figures: fig. 4 (right specimen), pls IV, V, VI

Name is type for

Actinodaphnoxylon Akkemik et Mantz. in Akkemik, Mantzouka, Tunç & Koçbulut 2021


Original diagnosis/description

Growth ring boundaries absent, wood diffuse porous, vessels predominantly in radial multiples up to 7 vessels, and clusters present. Ratio of vessels in groups 92%. Solitary vessels very rare (8%). Tyloses common. Pits on vessels alternate, and sometimes scalariform-like pits present in vessel-ray pit areas. Vessel frequency 20-40 per square mm, helical thickenings present, perforation plates simple, axial parenchyma rare, scanty paratracheal and vasicentric, rays 1-3 seriate, oil and/or mucilage cells can be seen mainly at the procumbent and marginal ray cells and among the fibers. Rays heterocellular with one (-two) rows of upright &/or square marginal cells (usually oil and mucilage cells). Dried oil cells look like crystals. Septate fibers present


The epithet “zileensis” originates from the name of the city “Zile”, which have the fossil site.


Paleogene, Eocene
Çekerek Formation, middle Eocene



Plant fossil remain

fossil wood



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