Arazedispermum E.M.Friis, P.R.Crane et K.R.Pedersen

Plant Fossil Names Registry Number: PFN000205


Authors: E. M. Friis, P. R. Crane & K. R. Pedersen

Rank: genus

Reference: Friis, E. M., Crane, P. R. & Pedersen, K. R. (2019): Chlamydospermous seeds document the diversity and abundance of extinct gnetalean relatives in Early Cretaceous vegetation. – International Journal of Plant Sciences 180(7): 643–666.

Page of description: 655


Arazedispermum lusitanicum E.M.Friis, P.R.Crane et K.R.Pedersen

Original diagnosis/description

Seeds small and orthotropous. Integument free from the seed envelope for its full length except at the base, where it is broadly attached. Integument apically extended into a long micropylar tube formed by an inner and an outer epidermis. Micropylar canal open apically but closed farther down by the cells of the inner epidermis that expand radially toward the center of the canal. Seed envelope broadly elliptical in lateral view, elliptical and weakly four angled in transverse section, extended in the micropylar region into a short central projection supporting the micropylar tube. Outer surface of seed envelope almost smooth; outer epidermis of equiaxial cells covered by a thick cuticle. Inner surface of seed envelope smooth in the micropylar region, lacking papillae. Sclerenchyma zone of seed envelope consisting of an inner layer of equiaxial stone cells; a middle layer of narrow, radially and longitudinally extended cells; and an outer layer of very small isodiametric cells.


From the town of Arazede, Portugal, where the fossil was discovered, and seed (Greek σπέρμα [seed]).

Plant fossil remain

macro- and meso-fossils-embryophytes except wood

Names associated with genus

Arazedispermum lusitanicum E.M.Friis, P.R.Crane et K.R.Pedersen 2019


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