Salicoxylon galatianum Akkemik

Plant Fossil Names Registry Number: PFN002215


Author: Ü. Akkemik

Rank: species

Reference: Akkemik, Ü. (2021): A re-examination of the angiosperm wood record from the early and middle Miocene of Turkey, and new species descriptions. – Acta Palaeobotanica 61(1): 42–94.

Page of description: 75

Illustrations or figures: pl. 16


Holotype HOC06, Department of Forest Botany, Faculty of Forestry, Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Istanbul, Turkey
Figures: pl. 16

Note: Holotype: Three thin sections of specimen HOC06.

Original diagnosis/description

Wood diffuse-porous, vessels mostly in short radial multiples of 2–4(–6) cells, solitary. Growth ring boundaries distinct, with 1 (rarely 2) rows of axial parenchyma cells (Pl. 16A, B). Solitary vessels circular in general, vessel cells in radial multiples tangentially flattened. Mean vessel tangential diameter 50–100 μm, vessel frequency 40–100 per mm2 (Pl. 16A, B). Rays mostly uniseriate, sometimes partly biseriate, 5–20(–27) cells high. 4–12 rays per mm (Pl. 16C). Axial parenchyma diffuse, in marginal bands. Septate fibres common (Pl. 16D, E). Intervessel pits alternate (Pl. 16F). Prismatic crystals present in septate fibres (Pl. 16E–G). Vessel-ray pits simple, large, slightly honeycomb-like; 2–4 and 5–8 cells per parenchyma strand. Perforation plates exclusively simple (Pl. 16H). Rays heterocellular, body ray cells procumbent with one to three rows of square marginal cells (Pl. 16I). Some rays composed of only procumbent cells. Vascular and vasicentric tracheids absent.

PFNR Administrator note: mm2 to be read as square mm (our text box does not allow upper index).


The epithet “galatianum” refers to the Galatian Volcanic Province, which is the Miocene area of the specimens.


Neogene, Miocene
Hançili Formation, early Miocene


Fossil site in Hoçaş village, Seben city, Bolu

Plant fossil remain

fossil wood


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