Sphenopteris schatzlarensis (Stur) Zeiller

Plant Fossil Names Registry Number: PFN000256

Act LSID: urn:lsid:plantfossilnames.org:act:256

Authors: C. R. Zeiller

Rank: species

Basionym: Hapalopteris schatzlarensis Stur

Reference: Zeiller, C. R. (1899): Étude dur la flore fossile du bassin houiller d’Héraclée (Asie Mineure). – Mémoires de la Société géologique de France, Paléontologie 21: 1–91 + 6 pls.

Page of description: 15

Other combinations

Types

Syntype n/n
Figures: pl. 37, fig. 7, 7a; pl. 40, figs 1-6
Stratigraphy: Carboniferous
Schatzlarer Schichten

Note: pl. 39, fig. 7, 7A - loc. Neurode
pl. 40, fig. 1 - loc. Zeche Hibernia bei Gelsenkirchen, Westphalen (inv. no. 1980/544; Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin, Germany)
pl. 40, fig. 2 - loc. Carl Georg Victor-Grube zu Neu-Lässig (inv. no. 2003/1005; Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin, Germany)
pl. 40, fig. 3 - loc. Haselbach- oder Aegydi-Flötz zu Schatzlar [= Žacléř] (inv. no. 1885/01/25; Palaeontology Unit, Geological Survey of Austria, Vienna)
pl. 40, fig. 4 - loc. Neurode (inv. no. 1885/01/26; Palaeontology Unit, Geological Survey of Austria, Vienna, Austria)
pl. 40, fig. 5 - loc. Neurode (inv. no. 1885/01/27; Palaeontology Unit, Geological Survey of Austria, Vienna, Austria)
pl. 40, fig. 6 - loc. Neurode (inv. no. 1885/01/28; Palaeontology Unit, Geological Survey of Austria, Vienna, Austria)
inv. nos and repositories according to Frojdová et al. (2017: fig. 1)

Frojdová et al. (2017: Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 236: 37, fig. 1) revised the syntypes figured on pl. 40 and excluded from Boweria schatzlarensis (≡ Hapalopteris schatzlarensis) all the specimens, except those figured on pl. 40 figs 1 and 2. They designated the former one as lectotype.

Lectotype n/n, Geological Survey of Austria, Vienna, Austria
designated in Brousmiche, C. (1983): Les Fougères sphénoptéridiennes du Bassin Houiller Sarro-Lorrain (Systematic – Stratigraphie) (2 vols). – Publication, Societé gélogique du Nord 10: 1–480 + 100 pls. on page 180
Plant Fossil Names Registry Number: PFN000253
Act LSID: urn:lsid:plantfossilnames.org:act:253
Figures: pl. 44, fig. 1, 1a
Previously published illustration or figures: pl. 40, fig. 4 in Stur, D. R. J. (1885): Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Flora der Vorwelt. II. Die Carbon-Flora der Schatzlarer Schichten.Abh. K.-kön. geol. Reichsanst. 11(1): 1–418 + pls 18–25, 25b, 26–65.
Stratigraphy: Carboniferous, Pennsylvanian
couches de Schatzlar, Westphalien A–C
Locality: Poland
Basse Silésie, Neurode
Neurode = Nowa Ruda

Note: Designation is invalid as the diagnostic characters of selected specimen are in contradiction with protologue (see Frojdová et al. 2017: 33–35)

Neotype 1245, Palaeontology Unit, British Geological Survey, Keyworth, United Kingdom
designated in Brousmiche, C. (1986): Précisions sur les spores produites par quelques fougères sphénoptéridiennes appartennant aux genres Boweria Kidston, Crossotheca Zeiller, Discopteris Stur, Myriotheca Zeiller et Urnatopteris Kidston.Rev. Paléobiol. 5(2): 231–248. on page 232
Plant Fossil Names Registry Number: PFN000254
Act LSID: urn:lsid:plantfossilnames.org:act:254
Figures: pl. 1, fig. 1
Previously published illustration or figures: pl. 71, figs 3, 3ab, 4 in Kidston, R. (1923): Fossil plants of the Carboniferous rocks of Great Britain. – Mem. Geol. Surv. Gt Brit. Mem., Paleont. 2(4): 275–376 + pls 69–91.
Stratigraphy: Carboniferous, Pennsylvanian
Westfalien B
In Frojdová et al. (2017) as Barnsley Coal, Duckmantian.
Locality: United Kingdom
Monckton Main Colliery, veine Barnsley, près de Barnsley, Yorkshire
In Frojdová et al. (2017) as Monckton Main Colliery, near, Barnsley, Yorkshire.

Note: Brousmiche (1986: pl. 1, figs 2-4) termed Kidston's specimen nos 1521, 2013 and one without number as paratypes.

The repository name recorded in PFNR is taken from Frojdová et al. (2017: fig. 1). Brousmiche (1986: 232) used the name "Institute of Geological Sciences".

Brousmiche (1986) supposed that the Strur's syntypes are lost. But Frojdová et al. (2017) rediscovered the original Stur's specimens, so the neotype designation is invalid.

Lectotype 1980/544, Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin, Germany
designated in Frojdová, J., Pšenička, J., Bek, J. & Cleal, C. J. (2017): Revision of the Pennsylvanian fern Boweria Kidston and the establishment of the new genus Kidstoniopteris. – Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 236: 33–58. on page 37
Plant Fossil Names Registry Number: PFN000122
Act LSID: urn:lsid:plantfossilnames.org:act:122
Figures: figs 5a, 6, 15B, Pl. 1, figs 1, 3, 5
Previously published illustration or figures: pl. 40, fig. 1 in Stur, D. R. J. (1885): Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Flora der Vorwelt. II. Die Carbon-Flora der Schatzlarer Schichten.Abh. K.-kön. geol. Reichsanst. 11(1): 1–418 + pls 18–25, 25b, 26–65.
Stratigraphy: Carboniferous, Pennsylvanian, Moscovian
Lower Moscovian (Langsettian/Duckmantian)
Locality: Germany
The Hibernia Mine, Gelsenkirchen (Ruhr Basin, Germany)

Original protologue

Foliuni speetabilis magnitudinis longitudine 30cm superans, ultra 30 cm latum, ambitu ovatum, apice tri-, basi quadripinnatifide-laciniatum ; rhachis principalis 2 mm circiter lata, fiexuosa, glabra, rhaches primarias filiformes, glabras, intervallis elongatis, 2–5 cm longis, insertas gerens; segmenta primaria summa usque 6 cm longa et 3 cm lata, media et basalia longitudinem 20 cm attingentia et usque 8 cm lata, ambitu elongato- vel lanceolato-triangularia ; segmenta secundaria summa 1,5 cm longa et 0,7 cm lata, media et basalia longitudinem 4 cm et latitudinem 2 cm attingentia, ambitu lanceolato-triangularia; segmenta ultimi gradus in subsequentibus folii partibus variae magnitudinis et figurae et quidem in apice folii: segmenta tertiaria, in medio et ad basin folii: segmenta quartiordinis media usque 4 mm longa et 2 mm lata, oblonga, sessilia, catadrome parum decurrentia et pinnatifida, 1. in 4–5 lacinias lanceolatas acutasque divisa apicalia sensim diminuta, basalia 5 mm circiter longa, oblongo-ovata, et bipinnatifida, laciniis basalibus quartigradus laciniolatis ; nervatio obsoleta; nervus medianus tertii aut quartigradus pinnatus. nervi laterales simplices aut furcati; fructificatio paginam inferiorem segmentorum tertiariorum 1. quarti ordinis laminae verosimiliter aliquantulum contractae occupans; sporangia ovalia 0,4–0,5 mm longa, tota superficie grosse reticulato-foveolata, probabiliter in nervulis ultimi gradus inserta, intra marginem cujusvis segmenti quarti ordinis in arcum disposita.

Emended diagnosis [Frojdová et al. 2017: Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol., 236: 37]: Frond segments at least tripinnate; rachises winged; antepenultimate and penultimate rachis hirsute; basiscopic pinnules of ultimate pinnae slightly longer and narrower than acroscopic pinnules; pinnules ovoid-elongate, margin deeply lobate with 4–8 lobes per pinnule; lateral veins once bifurcate, ending in lobe; costal cells above midvein elongated subrhomboidal, anticlinal walls straight; costal cells above lateral veins polygonal, elongate, anticlinal walls rounded or undulate; intercostal cells irregularly polygonal, elongate, anticlinalwall deeply “U″-shaped undulation unequal; stomata occurring in intercostal areas, anomocytic; sporangia attached to end of lateral veins at top of pinnule lobes; ovoid, short-stalked, annulate; annulus shield-lateral type, equatorial, oriented toward the centre of pinnule, occupying more than half of sporangium; stomium of five rows of elongated, thick-walled cells, ongoing from the top and ending near the sporangial base, close to the pedicel; apical cell rounded, thickwalled, surrounded by several thick-walled cells; thin-walled ordinary cells polygonal; in situ spores with triangular to subtriangular amb, concave sides;majority of specimenswithmicrogranulate exine, sometimes secondarily folded.

Stratigraphy

Carboniferous, Pennsylvanian, Moscovian

Locality

Germany
The Hibernia Mine, Gelsenkirchen, Ruhr Basin

Notes