Normanthus miraensis Schönenb., K.R.Pedersen et E.M.Friis

Plant Fossil Names Registry Number: PFN002808


Authors: J. Schönenberger, K. R. Pedersen & E. M. Friis

Rank: species

Genus: Normanthus Schönenb., K.R.Pedersen et E.M.Friis

Reference: Schönenberger, J., Pedersen, K. R. & Friis, E. M. (2001): Normapolles flowers of fagalean affinity from the Late Cretaceous of Portugal. – Plant Systematics and Evolution 226: 205–230., link

Page of description: 226

Illustrations or figures: figs 1–51

Name is type for

Normanthus Schönenb., K.R.Pedersen et E.M.Friis 2001


Holotype S100726, Palaeobotanical Collections, Department of Palaeobiology, the Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden
Figures: figs 7, 14, 15, 17, 36, 39

Note: Holotype from sample Mira 100.

Original diagnosis/description

As for the genus with the following additions: bracts and bracteoles of partial inflorescence strongly keeled, epidermal cells with undulate anticlinal walls, unicellular trichomes; tepals basally united, ovate, served by three vascular bundles that unite within base of tepal, tip hood-shaped, aestivation probably quincuncial, epidermal cells with undulate anticlinal walls, unicellular trichomes on abaxial side; anthers with unicellular trichomes apically, epidermal cells with undulate anticlinal walls, filaments long and slender; pollen with polar thinning on one side and plicae on other side, apertures short and protruding, sculptural elements of exine surface verrucate to gemmate; stigma restricted, with unicellular trichomes; ovary with scattered glandular trichomes, fruits probably 1-seeded.


Normanthus miraensis, spec. nov. The specific epithet refers to the town of Mira in Portugal, close to which the fossil flowers were found.


Cretaceous, Upper Cretaceous
"Argilas de Vagos", clay deposits, upper part of sequence; Campanian-Maastrichtian


Old clay pit not far south of Mira, Beira Litoral (40°25′N, 8°44′5″W)

Plant fossil remain

macro- and meso-fossils-embryophytes except wood


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