Lignierispermum maroneae E.M.Friis, K.R.Pedersen et P.R.Crane

Plant Fossil Names Registry Number: PFN002857


Authors: E. M. Friis, K. R. Pedersen & P. R. Crane

Rank: species

Genus: Lignierispermum E.M.Friis, K.R.Pedersen et P.R.Crane

Reference: Friis, E. M., Pedersen, K. R. & Crane, P. R. (2009): Early Cretaceous mesofossils from Portugal and eastern North America related to the Bennettitales-Erdtmanithecales-Gnetales group. – American Journal of Botany 96(1): 252–283.

Page of description: 265

Illustrations or figures: figs 72–98

Name is type for

Lignierispermum E.M.Friis, K.R.Pedersen et P.R.Crane 2009


Holotype PP53214, Paleobotanical Collections, Department of Geology, The Field Museum, Chicago, Illinois, USA
Figures: figs 72–77, 82–94

Note: Holotype from sample Puddledock 082.

Original diagnosis/description

Seeds small, obovoid, micropylar region pointed; four-angled, slightly fl attened, bisymmetrical (with two planes of symmetry) in cross section. Integument thin, micropylar tube long, narrow. Integument enclosed by a seed envelope, except for the micropylar opening, and attached to the envelope only at the base. Nucellus thin, enclosed by the integument; nucellus free distally, otherwise fused to the integument. Micropyle open at the apex. Below, micropylar closure distinct, multicellular, formed from several cell layers fi lling the lower half of micropylar tube. Inner surface of seed envelope smooth, nonpapillate; outer surface smooth. Seed envelope sclerenchymatic comprising two distinct layers. Inner layer composed of transversely aligned fiber cells; at the apical corners of the seed, the fi ber cells radiate toward the outside to form four, narrow, wing-like, apically pronounced crests. The outer layer is composed of radially extended cells that increase in size toward the apex and shorter, thin-walled cells covered by a distinct epidermis of equiaxial cells. Four distinct longitudinal bundles extend in the outer layer of the seed envelope from the seed base to apex.


In honor of Federica Marone in appreciation of her support in the X-ray microtomographic studies.


Cretaceous, Lower Cretaceous
Basal part of Subzone IIB, Potomac Group; early or middle Albian


United States
Puddledock, Tarmac Lone Star Industries sand and gravel pit, south of Richmond and east of the Appomattox River, Prince George County, Virginia (37°15′45″N, 77°22′25″W)

Plant fossil remain

macro- and meso-fossils-embryophytes except wood


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