Bicatia juncalensis E.M.Friis, K.R.Pedersen et P.R.Crane

Plant Fossil Names Registry Number: PFN002868


Authors: E. M. Friis, K. R. Pedersen & P. R. Crane

Rank: species

Genus: Bicatia E.M.Friis, K.R.Pedersen et P.R.Crane

Reference: Friis, E. M., Pedersen, K. R. & Crane, P. R. (2014): Welwitschioid diversity in the Early Cretaceous: evidence from fossil seeds with pollen from Portugal and eastern North America. – Grana 53(online)(3): 175–196.

Page of description: 184

Illustrations or figures: figs 5–7


Holotype S172590, Palaeobotanical Collections, Department of Palaeobiology, the Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden
Figures: figs 5A, D, 7A

Note: Holotype from sample Juncal 70.

Paratypes: S172588, S172589, S172591, S172653, S174092, S174284–S174288 (sample Juncal 70; in total 16 specimens), S174258 (sample Juncal 71; one specimen); S174304, S174305 (sample Juncal 64; in total two specimens).

Original diagnosis/description

As for the genus with the following additions: Seed envelope obtriangular in outline with a pointed base. Lateral wings broader near apex of seed. Surface of seed envelope smooth, or with indistinct, transversely aligned ridges. Cells of outer epidermis of seed envelope narrowly elongated and longitudinally aligned.


From the Juncal locality, where the fossils were collected.


Cretaceous, Lower Cretaceous
Famalicão Member, Figueira da Foz Formation (late Aptian–early Albian)


clay pit close to the village of Juncal (39° 35′ 42″ N; 08° 54′ 00″ W)

Plant fossil remain

macro- and meso-fossils-embryophytes except wood


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