Phylica piloburmensis Shi, S.Wang et M.S.Engel in Shi, Dong, Zhang, Long, Tihelka, Song, Feng, Jiang, Cai, Lombard, Li, Yuan, Zhu, Yang, Liu, Xiang, Zhao, Long, Schneider, Zhang, Peng, Li, Fan, Engel, Wang & Spicer

Plant Fossil Names Registry Number: PFN003068


Authors: C. Shi, S. Wang & M. S. Engel

Rank: species

Reference: Shi, C., Dong, C. H., Zhang, H., Long, X. X., Tihelka, E., Song, W. C., Feng, Q., Jiang, R. X., Cai, C. Y., Lombard, N., Li, X., Yuan, J., Zhu, J. P., Yang, H. Y., Liu, X. F., Xiang, Q. P., Zhao, Z. T., Long, C. L., Schneider, H., Zhang, X. C., Peng, H., Li, D. Z., Fan, Y., Engel, M. S., Wang, Y. D. & Spicer, R. A. (2022): Fire-prone Rhamnaceae with South African affinities in Cretaceous Myanmar amber. – Nature Plants 8: 125–135.

Page of description: 126

Illustrations or figures: Fig. 4

Name is type for

Nothophylica Beurel, Bachelier, A.R.Schmidt et Sadowski 2024

Other combinations

Nothophylica piloburmensis (Shi, S.Wang et M.S.Engel) Beurel, Bachelier, A.R.Schmidt et Sadowski 2024


Holotype QUST-AM32127, collection of the Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao, China
Figures: fig. 4a-g, supplementary fig. 26

Note: Paratypes: QUST-AM20501–QUSTAM20512, QUST-AM32414–QUST-AM32417, QUST-AM33310

Original diagnosis/description

Leaves slightly wider (1.5–2.0 mm wide, 4.5–8.0 mm long) and both ad- and abaxial sides covered with simple linear hairs. Flowers not single but forming a capitulum. Petals present.
Fruit covered with dense indumentum. A complete description is provided in Supplementary Note 2.


The specific epithet is a combination of the Greek term pîlos (πῖλος, meaning ‘hair’) and burmensis (itself a combina-tion of Burma and the Latin suffix -ensis, denoting place).


Cretaceous, Upper Cretaceous, Cenomanian
Earliest Cenomanian, 98.79 Ma ± 0.62 (ca. 99) Ma.


Tanaing mines

Plant fossil remain

macro- and meso-fossils-embryophytes except wood


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