Friisia lusitanica M.M.Mendes et J.Kvaček

Plant Fossil Names Registry Number: PFN000567


Authors: M. M. Mendes & J. Kvaček

Rank: species

Genus: Friisia M.M.Mendes et J.Kvaček

Reference: Mendes, M. M. & Kvaček, J. (2020): Friisia lusitanica gen. et sp. nov., a new podocarpaceous ovuliferous cone from the Lower Cretaceous of Lusitanian Basin, western Portugal. – Cretaceous Research 108: 104352 (10 pp.).

Page of description: 3

Illustrations or figures: figs 4–7

Name is type for

Friisia M.M.Mendes et J.Kvaček 2020


Holotype P0579, Geological Museum of Lisbon, Portugal
Figures: figs 4–7

Note: Holoty from the Catefica sample 340.

Original diagnosis/description

Ovuliferous cone consisting of decussately arranged ovuliferous complexes. Each ovuliferous complex lanceolate, with broad base, and pointed apex consisting of a bract and ovuliferous cone scale that is differentiated into woody basal part and parenchymatous and bulging apical part. Ovuliferous scale bearing single inverted seed, covered by parenchymatous and bulging structure. Margins of basal parts of bract with marginal papillae. Terminal ovuliferous complexes consisting of sterile bracts, devoid of seeds. Stomata on adaxial cuticle surrounded by structures resembling Florin rings. Seed wall consists of thickly cutinised cells.


The specific epithet lusitanica is derived from Lusitania, the name for the imperial Roman province covering the central part of Portugal, where the fossil specimen was collected.


Cretaceous, Lower Cretaceous
Almargem Formation (upper Aptian – lower Albian)


Catefica outcrop section close to the Torres Vedras locality, Estremadura region, western Portugal (39° 03′ 14.4″ N; 09° 14′ 24.1″ W)

Plant fossil remain

macro- and meso-fossils-embryophytes except wood



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