Turpinia tiffneyi Huegele et Manchester

Plant Fossil Names Registry Number: PFN000575

Act LSID: urn:lsid:plantfossilnames.org:act:575

Authors: I. B. Huegele & S. R. Manchester

Rank: species

Reference: Huegele, I. B. & Manchester, S. R. (2019): Newly recognized diversity of fruits and seeds from the Late Paleogene flora of Trinity County, East Texas, USA. – International Journal of Plant Sciences 180(7): 681–708.

Page of description: 689

Illustrations or figures: Figs 7A, B


Holotype USNM 722014, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., United States
Figures: Fig. 7B

Note: Paratypes: USNM722025 (Fig. 7A),USNM722039 (Fig. 7C).

Original diagnosis/description

Seeds laterally compressed, subspheroidal, slightly ovate in lateral view, smooth, semi-inflated, occasionally with a prominent facet on one side (fig. 7B), ca. 4.5mmhigh, ca. 3.6mm long, and ca. 3 mm wide, apically truncated by a distinct hilar scar. Hilar scar prominent, elliptical (fig. 7A) to occasionally pyriform (fig. 7B) in outline, ca. 1 mm wide and ca. 2 mm long, encircled by a pronounced lip 0.4–1 mm in height. Four to eight vascular bundles arranged in bilateral rows visible fromthe hilar scar (fig. 7A6). Raphal vasculature passes from the hilar scar longitudinally through the seed coat, on the side opposite from micropyle, about one-third to two-thirds the length of the seed and curves basally to merge with chalaza and/or endosperm (fig. 7B7). Seed coat relatively thick, ca. 0.6 mm.


Named after Bruce Tiffney, recognizing his significant work on seeds of Staphyleaceae and the fossil record of Cenozoic seeds in general.


Paleogene, Eocene
Whitsett Formation


United States
Trinity, Texas (USNM loc. 44273)

Plant fossil remain

macro- and meso-fossils-embryophytes except wood


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