Cryptocaryoxylon lesbium Mantz.

Plant Fossil Names Registry Number: PFN000086


Author: D. Mantzouka

Rank: species

Reference: Mantzouka, D. (2018): The first report of Cryptocaryoxylon from the Neogene (early Miocene) of Eurasia (Eastern Mediterranean: Lesbos and Lemnos Islands, Greece). – Fossil Imprint 74(1–2): 29–36.

Page of description: 30

Illustrations or figures: pl. 1, figs 1–6


Holotype DM17, Natural History Collection of Vrisa – Cultural, Research and Education Centre of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece
Figures: pl. 1, figs 1–6

Note: 3 slides of holotype deposited in Museum of Geology and Palaeontology in the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (Greece).

Original diagnosis/description

Heteroxylous wood, growth rings present, diffuse porosity, numerous vessels per sq. mm; vessels generally in radial multiples of 2 to 4, single and in clusters, circular to oval in outline, tyloses present; exclusively simple perforation plates; alternate intervessel pits, polygonal; non-septate fibres; paratracheal axial parenchyma, scanty; apotracheal axial parenchyma in marginal bands of up to a width of 3 cells; rays numerous, exclusively heterocellular, short to medium sized; mostly biseriate and triseriate; no aggregate rays present; idioblasts numerous, associated with the ray parenchyma cells only; no crystals present.


The epithet, lesbium, is due to the origin of the described material (Lesbos Island, Greece).


Neogene, Miocene
Early Miocene
Type horizon: Under Polichnitos Ignimbrite (PU unit), inside volcanic material


Damandri, Southeastern Lesbos

Plant fossil remain

fossil wood


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