Cryptocaryoxylon lemnium Mantz.

Plant Fossil Names Registry Number: PFN000087


Author: D. Mantzouka

Rank: species

Reference: Mantzouka, D. (2018): The first report of Cryptocaryoxylon from the Neogene (early Miocene) of Eurasia (Eastern Mediterranean: Lesbos and Lemnos Islands, Greece). – Fossil Imprint 74(1–2): 29–36.

Page of description: 32

Illustrations or figures: pl. 1, figs 7–15


Holotype DMLHM11, Municipality of Moudros, Lemnos Island, Greece
Figures: pl. 1, figs 7–15

Note: 3 slides of holotype deposited in Museum of Geology and Palaeontology in the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (Greece).

Original diagnosis/description

Heteroxylous wood, growth rings present, semi-ring/diffuse porosity, numerous vessels per sq. mm; vessels generally in radial multiples of 2 to 3, also single and in clusters, circular to oval in outline, tyloses present; exclusively simple perforation plates; alternate intervessel pits, polygonal; non-septate fibres; paratracheal axial parenchyma, vasicentric to aliform and banded parenchyma with up to 3-cell wide rows and seemingly marginal bands; numerous rays, exclusively heterocellular, short to medium sized; mostly biseriate and triseriate, but up to a width of 5 cells; no aggregate rays present;
idioblasts numerous, associated with ray parenchyma cells and among the fibres; silica bodies (crystalliferous elements / aggregate grains) inside rays’ idioblasts.


The epithet, lemnium, is due to the origin of the described material (Lemnos Island, Greece).


Neogene, Miocene
Early Miocene
Type horizon: Inside volcanic tuff (Romanou Unit)


Moudros, Central–Eastern Lemnos Island

Plant fossil remain

fossil wood


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