Lusitanispermum E.M.Friis, P.R.Crane et K.R.Pedersen

Plant Fossil Names Registry Number: PFN000096

Act LSID: urn:lsid:plantfossilnames.org:act:96

Authors: E. M. Friis, P. R. Crane & K. R. Pedersen

Rank: genus

Reference: Friis, E. M., Crane, P. R. & Pedersen, K. R. (2018): Extinct taxa of exotestal seeds close to Austrobaileyales and Nymphaeales from the Early Cretaceous of Portugal. – Fossil Imprint 74(1–2): 135–158.

Page of description: 147

Type taxon

Lusitanispermum choffatii E.M.Friis, P.R.Crane et K.R.Pedersen

Original protologue

Isolated seeds occurring singly. Seeds small, anatropous, bitegmic and exotestal. Seeds bilaterally symmetrical with dorsiventral plane of symmetry. Seed surface smooth without longitudinal ridges. Raphe indistinct externally. Hilum and micropyle close together separated by a narrow zone of testal sclerenchyma. Hilar scar small without a hilar rim. Micropyle formed by the inner integument (tegmen) and marked on the seed surface by a transverse slit through the outer integument (testa) adjacent to the hilar scar. Testa formed from an outer layer (exotesta) of palisadeshaped sclerenchyma cells, and an inner thick layer of large parenchyma cells (mesotesta/endotesta). Palisade-shaped cells of exotesta with unevenly thickened walls that are thick towards the outside, thin towards the inside, and have a conical lumen. Exotesta thick adjacent to the hilum forming a bulging zone that may be two-parted. Anticlinal walls of palisade-shaped sclerenchyma strongly undulate toward the inside and toward the outside, resulting in stellate-undulate facets and a jigsaw puzzle-like pattern on the seed surface except over the raphe and around the micropyle where the cell walls are straight and facets polygonal. Tegmen thin. Embryo tiny, with two rudimentary cotyledons.

Etymology

From the Roman province Lusitania that included the part of Portugal where the fossils were collected.

Plant fossil remain

macro- and meso-fossils-embryophytes except wood

Names associated with genus

Lusitanispermum choffatii E.M.Friis, P.R.Crane et K.R.Pedersen 2018