Berryoxylon cuddalorensis N.Awasthi, R.C.Mehrotra et Anum.Shukla
Plant Fossil Names Registry Number: PFN000265
Act LSID: urn:lsid:plantfossilnames.org:act:265
Reference: Awasthi, N., Mehrotra, R. C. & Shukla, A. (2018): Some new fossil woods from the Cuddalore Sandstone of south India. – The Palaeobotanist 67(1): 33–46.
Page of description: 38
Illustrations or figures: pl. 3.1–6
Holotype 41589, Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences, Lucknow, India
Figures: pl. 3.1–6
Wood diffuse–porous. Growth rings present marked by marginal parenchyma bands. Vessels small to medium, mostly medium in size, tangential diameter range 87–166 μm, mean 133 μm, solitary and in radial multiples of 2–5, evenly distributed, 8–10 per sq mm, usually round to oval, tylosed; vessel members range 180–362 μm, mean 271 μm, with transverse to oblique ends, occasionally storied; perforations simple; intervessel pits bordered, alternate, 6–8 μm, with lenticular apertures. Axial parenchyma both paratracheal and apotracheal, paratracheal vasicentric to aliform–confluent, apotracheal diffuse. Rays 7 to 8 per mm, 1–4 (mostly 2 to 3) seriate, storied, uniseriate rays about 25 μm in width and up to 280 μm in height, multiseriate rays 27–61 μm in width and 9–23 cells or 185–482 μm in height, ray to ray fusion present, homo to heterocellular, usually made up of procumbent cells, with 1 row of upright or square cells; ray tissue weakly heterogeneous. Fibres thick–walled and non–septate.
Cuddalore Sandstone Formation, Late Miocene–Pliocene
Murattandichavadi near Puducherry, Villupuram District, Tamil Nadu
Plant fossil remain