Hirandubia cupressoides A.K.Ghosh, R.Kar, R.Chatterjee, A.Chakr. et J.Banerji

Plant Fossil Names Registry Number: PFN000520

Act LSID: urn:lsid:plantfossilnames.org:act:520

Authors: A. K. Ghosh, R. Kar, R. Chatterjee, A. Chakraborty & J. Banerji

Rank: species

Reference: Ghosh, A. K., Kar, R., Chatterjee, R., Chakraborty, A. & Banerji, J. (2018): Two new conifers from the Early Cretaceous of the Rajmahal Basin, India: implications on palaeoecology and palaeogeography. – Ameghiniana 55(4): 437–450.

Page of description: 440

Illustrations or figures: figs 3.1-4, 4.1–6

Name is type taxon for

Hirandubia A.K.Ghosh, R.Kar, R.Chatterjee, A.Chakr. et J.Banerji 2018


Holotype BSIP 39313, Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeosciences, Lucknow, India
Figures: fig. 3.1-2

Note: paratypes: BSIP 39314, 39315, 39316, 39317; BSIP Slide 132281

Original protologue

Branches bearing scale-like leaves in opposite decussate pairs. Branchlets sub-opposite to alternate, irregular. Leaves generally of two forms: facial and lateral. Facial leaves of branchlets ovate-obovate, apex acute to subacute, with median ridge in places; those of branches oblong, with acute-obtuse apex. Lateral leaves of branches and branchlets rhomboidal to falcate, apices acute. Microsporangiate cone solitary, terminal on branchlets; each microsporophyll probably bearing 2–5 pollen sacs at its base. Seed cone globose to oblong, probably borne terminally on branchlets, perhaps bearing 4–5 pairs of bract/scale complexes; complexes rhomboidal with distinct subapical umbo. Number of ovules per complex probably one (not clearly discernible).


The specific epithet cupressoides is after the family Cupressaceae.


Cretaceous, Lower Cretaceous
Rajmahal Formation, Early Cretaceous (Barremian–Aptian)


Hiranduba, Rajmahal Basin, Jharkhand

Plant fossil remain

macro- and meso-fossils-embryophytes except wood