Sarcandraxylon sanjosense Pipo, A.Iglesias et Bodnar
Plant Fossil Names Registry Number: PFN001017
Act LSID: urn:lsid:plantfossilnames.org:act:1017
Genus: Sarcandraxylon Pipo, A.Iglesias et Bodnar
Reference: Pipo, M. L., Iglesias, A. & Bodnar, J. (2020): New vesselless angiosperm stem with a cambial variant from the Upper Cretaceous of Antarctica. – Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 65(2): 261–272.
Page of description: 263
Illustrations or figures: figs 2, 3
Name is type taxon for
Holotype IAA-Pb-621, Instituto Antártico Argentino, San Martín, Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Figures: figs 2, 3
Secondary vascular cylinder with interfascicular rays and axial elements in segments. Homocellular and heterogenous interfascicular rays consisting of square and procumbent parenchyma cells. The secondary xylem segments contain tracheids and uniseriate homocellular and homogeneous rays with elongated upright cells. Growth rings are indistinct. Secondary phloem with fibers arranged in caps. Bark composed by dead cells of secondary phloem
and cork cells which are accumulated in a multilayered rhytidome.
Cretaceous, Upper Cretaceous, Campanian
Upper Beta Member, Santa Marta Formation, Marambio Group, early–middle Campanian (~83–77 Ma)
James Ross Basin at San Jose Pass, northern James Ross Island, Antarctic Peninsula
Plant fossil remain